Gartan History ,  walkingdonegal.net

Hotel Churchill, Wilkins Bar.

Hotel Churchill, Wilkins Bar.

Wilkins Bar ( Wilkins Bar Churchill ) is one of 3 pubs here in Churchill and it was here in 1833 as it has been shown in the census at that time,

And there has been seven generation living here since, It is also a listed building.

The post office was said to have been here in 1899, a Robert Wilkins was the proprietor at that time.

There was also a small hotel built on to the right hand side of the main building and the post office was then moved to where it is situated now.

The post office was here until a 1955/66 and a lady called Mary Gallagher had taken it over, but had returned to the Wilkins family again in 1995/96.

 

The Church of Ireland Churchill.

 

Baptism of Colmcille, stained glass window, Church of Ireland Churchill.

Baptism of Colmcille,

Death Of St Columba

Death Of St Columba

Colmcille landing in Iona

Colmcille landing in Iona

 

The Church of Ireland was built in 1819 and restored in 1895.

Mrs Cornelia Adair had given money to build on a side isle to the church here in Churchill, in trying to make amends for the wrong doings of her husband,

When in April 8th 1861, 154 years ago, marked the beginning of three days of terror for tenant farmers and their families in a beautiful scenic part of Co Donegal.

By April 10th, 85 adults and 159 children had been evicted from their homes by their landlord, John George Adair.

In 3 days, 244 people from 47 families, had been evicted from 46 houses, and 28 of those houses were either totally destroyed or de-roofed.

Cornelia Adair at Glenveagh Castle

Cornelia Adair at Glenveagh Castle

On the East window of this church Cornelia had funded for the 3 stained glass windows depicting the life of Colmcille, the 1st is the Baptism of St Columba, the 2nd is St Columba landing in Iona, and the 3rd   on   the Death of St Columba.

 

 

The locals had a plaque mounted inside this church in thanksgiving for the generosity of Cornelia Adair which reads,

        The electric lighting was installed in this church by the parishioners of Gartan in grateful memory of

Mrs Cornelia Adair of Glenveagh Castle,

Who died 18th Sept 1921, aged 84 Years,

Through her generosity the Chancel, east window and the side aisle were erected.

There is an Oar at the back of this Church that was used in the Commemoration of St. Columba, by locals who had followed Columba’s Path from Derry to Iona; this epic journey was done in June 1983.

There is a field not far from the Church and it was said at the time that it was to have been the largest field in Europe at approx 344 acres.

Churchill Courthouse.

We have an old courthouse ( AD 1842 ) and it would have been used in many a trial, and also famous in the  trial on the murder of James Murray the Shepherd of John George Adair, said to have been murdered, which then led to the Derryveagh evictions

There was a school above the courthouse, which only had one room and it was a mixed school,

In 1900 the roll book show that there were 76 children attending this school at that time.

There was 2 wings built on later to this court house, one on each gable; one was for the Judge and one for the school teacher.

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Lots of local information can also be found on  Hidden Donegal 

 

 

 

Old RIC Barracks,

The Royal Irish Constabulary had been in Ireland in the years 1814-1922,

By 1901 In Ireland there were around 1,600 barracks and some 11,000 constables.

Archaeology

The stone with the Rock Art near Gartan Loch lines up with the standing stone on the back of Brown Mountain, and also with a Megalithic Tomb near Drumoghill, Termon.  Compass settings are 40 degrees.

 

Lough Veagh House   

Lough Veagh house

Lough Veagh house

 

 

Gartan outdoor Activities centre,   Gartan Outdoor Centre   now  sits here on the grounds of Lough Veagh House which comprises of 87 acres,

This centre had renovated the old stables and outhouses to what it is today,

The belfry is still visible there today at the back of the building and was part of

The original buildings and House on the Lough Veagh Estate which was built in 1825, was owned first by a family called Stewards and the family of James Heweston, and his son Edward Daniel and his sister Katie.

 

The stepping stones,

Across Gartan Lough there is a row of stones called St Columba’s steps. This is from Bell point to the southern end of land where the Glebe Gallery is situated across the lake

It is said that one morning when he was putting on his boots, that the enemies had come and he had to run away having only one Boot on,   and it is said that he crossed here to get away from his enemies reach.  Columba said, after that a curse would rest in the man that laced one boot, before he had put on the other,

Locals try and avoid this curse by putting on both boots before lacing one.

 

In Churchill near the Barracks there is said to a print of the foot of Colmcille in a large stone near the roadside and that locals still stop and pray here.

St. Columba was going to Churchill, and had passed the river Tehabber where there were two boys fishing, the saint has asked them for a salmon but they refused and they said that they would give them the next one that they would catch. After catching another, the boys repeated the same words,                                    St. Colmcille had got angry and prophesised that salmon would never be found in the Tehabber River again. The Tehabber River connects two large lakes, Lough Gartan and Lough Akibbon; there is salmon in the former but none in the latter although there is good spawning ground to the upper end of the Lake.

St. Colmcille, St. Columba, Dove of the Church.

 St. Colmcille's Chapel Gartan

St. Colmcille’s Chapel Gartan

Born on the 7th of December 521 AD in Gartan,

544 AD he is said to have departed St Mobhi’s monastic school, Glasnevin because of an outbreak of the plague.

546 AD he sets up his 1st Monastery in Derry.

561 AD at the battle of Cul Dreimne, Cenel Conaill and Cenel Eoghain defeat Diarmuid, king of Tara.

563 AD Colmcille leaves for Scotland with 12 companions.

573 AD Colmcille visits Ireland for the convention of Drum Ceatt.

597 AD, on the 9th of June, Colmcille dies on Iona.

Even though Colmcille was born about 1,500 years ago, his life is still remembered in Both Scotland   and Ireland, His stories spans our Islands, our     cultures, our languages, both Scottish and Irish Gaelic.

Colmcille had taken a boat to Tory Island and had defeated the forces of evil to bring Christianity there.

Colmcille Heritage Centre

Colmcille, also had been to Gleann Cholm Cille, The Glen of Colmcille and a pilgrimage in his honour is still carried out every year,   9th of June on his feast day

Colmcille was ordained a priest in Clonard in Co. Meath

In Ray, near Falcarragh, Colmcille is said to have left a cross here that was carved from Muckish Mountain. It is said that this is the oldest and tallest high cross in Ireland.

 Colmcille's High Cross Ray Falcarragh

Colmcille’s High Cross Ray Falcarragh

There is also a lake in Creeslough called Lough Colmcille.

It is said that Colmcille has copied a book of psalms owned by St. Finnian, his former teacher, and the High King was asked to intervene and ruled in Favour of St. Finnian,  saying “ to every cow its calf and every book its copy”.

You can follow the ancient pilgrim trail to find out Derry’s city’s ties with Colmcille and his journey across to Scotland in 563AD   Colmcille in Iona

It is said that St. Columba had also been to Argyle, and was looking for land there to build a Monastery.

In Iona his Monastery was one of the most famous in Europe for its highly illustrated manuscripts, Colmcille’s monks had travelled through the highlands and Islands of Scotland by land and sea spreading Christianity.

 

Ireland’s greatest missionary and his followers have given us the most important illuminated manuscripts in the Christain World. The Book of Durrow, the Book of Lindisfarne and the Book of Kells, all works of Columban missionaries represent the supreme achievement of Celtic Christian Art

 

 

 

Colmcille’s Prophecies

“This new Eire shall be Eire the prosperous; great shall be her renown and her power, and there shall not be on the surface of the wide earth a country found to be equal to this fine country… Seven years before the last day, the sea shall submerge Eire by one inundation.”

In Iona Columba wrote numerous religious tracts and prophecies that especially concern Ireland,

 St. Columbcille predicted the Viking raids on Eire from the 8th through 10th centuries, the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1169, the Turod conquest, the Irish rebellion of 1641, the great potato famine of 1845-50, and the invention of railroads (“In both North and South iron wheels shall support fiery chariots…”).

St Colmcille also said that the four seasons in Ireland would be all the same and you wouldn’t know which season you were in.

He had also prophesised that males and females would look like each other.

He has also said that a black pig would come through the hills of Donegal, hence the name on the railway engine called the Muc Dubh.

 

 

 

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Gartan Clay

The Friel Family are to this day responsible in giving out the Gartan clay

gartan clay is a clay found near Gartan in Co Donegal that is said to possess special powers. If you carry it on you during a journey, no harm will come off you, if you have it in your house you will never die in a house fire,

Nor will any rats inhabit your dwelling. These are just some of the beliefs still held strongly today, albeit mainly amongst Donegal people and their descendants.

Gartan Clay is said to have these powers because St Colmcille was from Gartan and he bestowed these powers on the soil as a gift to his clan.

 

Gartan National School,

 

Gartan National School

Gartan N.S. at Carrowtrasna opened as a National School on the 1st day of Febr

uary, 1889.

The present school was built in 1911, but the students had not moved from the old school until the 3rd of June, 1912. The old School at Carrowtrasna still stands today and is used as a home by locals.

The building of the present school was funded by Mrs Cornelia Adair in 1911,

The estate of Glenveagh was created in 1857-9 by the purchase of several smaller holdings by John George Adair, who at that time was a wealthy land speculator from Co. Laois. John Adair was to later incur infamy throughout Donegal and Ireland for evicting some 244 tenants in the Derryveagh evictions in 1861.

After marrying his American born wife Connelia, Adair began the construction of Glenveagh Castle in 1867, which was finished in 1873.   Adair was never to fulfil his dream of creating a hunting estate in the highlands of Donegal as he had died in 1885 con a return from a business trip to America.

After her husband’s death Cornelia took over the running of the estate and introduced deer stalking in the 1890’s.  She also went on to improve the castle’s comforts and the beauty of its grounds, and she carried out major improvements to the estate and the gardens, Over the next thirty years she was to become a much noted hostess and continued to summer at the castle until  1916.

Glenveagh National Park as it is today.

 

History of Glebe house, Glebe Gallery

the Glebe Gallery

The Glebe House

The Glebe House and Gallery, Home for 30 yrs of Derek Hill, Artist

This Regency house was built in 1828 as a rectory by the Church of Ireland. This house was built on the same site as a previous dwelling.

The second Rector, who was the Rev. Henry Maturin M.A.   had been in this house from 1831, and stayed his whole life until he died here in 1880. His wife was from Portsalon and he and his children are buried in the local graveyard, The house had been vacant after the death of the rector until about the 1890’s and as Twenty six acres had been leased to the local Landlord Edward Heweston from Lough Veagh ( RIP 10th May 1906   ) he had bought the old Rectory for his sister Katie as a wedding present who had married a man from Portnoo by the name of Johnston, who was an Army officer and was later killed in 1920.

Mrs Katie Johnston had a great farm here and had run the house as a Country House Hotel, she had run a very successful business here with many repeat clients until she closed in the late 1940’s and she herself had died about 1950.

Derek Hill and English artist, and now an honorary Irish citizen, had bought the estate for about £1000 Irish pounds, and had sold the bar license that was with the estate for about £200 pounds. Hill had lived here for about thirty years and after his death the house was donated to the Irish people and was to be used as a Museum, there is about 50 acres of land with the now Glebe Gallery and about 16 acres is of gardens.

The Derek hill collection includes more than 300 works by 20th century artists such as Picasso, Bonnard, Kokoschka and Jack Yeats, also Donegal folk art, Japanese and Islamic art, and papers and paintings by Derek Hill himself.